Hey guys – as an interlude to updates about the MultispeQ v.1.0 device, here’s an exciting post from Atsuko Kanazawa about the CoralspeQ – a different PhotosynQ-connected device which measures coral bleaching. The CoralspeQ team is currently raising money to alpha test their device and concept. If you’re passionate about our oceans and understanding them better, go support their efforts! More MultispeQ updates next time. Till then, enjoy! — Greg
Global Coral Bleaching Project
Termed “Godzilla El Niño,” a weather pattern that will warm the oceans where many coral reefs live, leading to a catastrophic coral bleaching event would be the worst in 20 years. On October 8, 2015, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced “third ever global coral bleaching event on record” (see NOAA news for details).As the oceans warm and acidify, corals bleach, losing the photosynthetic algae that give them energy. Bleaching then leads to loss the diverse and beautiful life that lives in the coral reefs.
The Godzilla El Niño may also be our best chance to understand why some corals are more sensitive, why some recover and other can’t, and thus what we can do, if anything, to fix the problem. A major problem is that the tools needed to probe corals have not been available to most of the world.
The “Global Coral Bleaching Project” was first conceived by Prof. Peter Ralph at University of Technology at Sydney in Australia, Prof. David Kramer at Michigan State University, and Dr. Atsuko Kanazawa also at MSU, who saw the potential of PhotosynQ – engaging the local community world-wide to monitor and to collect the vast on-site data. To respond to the proposed project, the Kramer Lab at MSU, and our colleagues around the world, are developing a first-of-its-kind technology that will allow researchers, park rangers and citizen scientists all over the world to probe coral health and the factors that may affect bleaching. Data from field sites is instantly uploaded to the cloud where people around the world can access and analyze it. This data will help to understand the coral bleaching process, and lead to new coral conservation approaches.
CoralspeQ Technical Updates
The current CoralspeQ prototype version 1.5 has micro spectrometer, various LEDs and BGR light sensor, controlled by Teensy 3.1. At this stage, we are still using a store-bought non-metal electrical conduit box that is larger than the first prototype to house a full-size board and batteries (see Figure 1).
We have tested how well it was water-proofed. It could withstand in the depth of 4.3 m/ 14 ft for at least 30 min with sealer/gasket/rid modifications. CoralspeQ is controlled by an Android phone with Bluetooth. We found a reasonably-priced water-proofed case for the phone. It is claimed to withstand to the depth of 100 ft. It worked well in 14 ft. Figure 2 (A and B) shows a device strapped to a broom at the bottom of 14 ft diving pool. A black square at the bottom corner is a phone in a water-proof case.
Additionally, we have tested the Bluetooth function in salt water. The Android phone screen covered with a bag of baby oil could send signal to CoralspeQ 1.5 and activate the measurement. Same as MultispeQ, CoralspeQ also needs to be turned on by pushing a start button, but under water. Magnetic reed switch is installed inside of the box, and therefore, it can be turned on from outside using a magnet without opening the box.
The next step is to test them in the field. Currently, 6 different LEDs are installed in different combinations in 3 devices. The field measurements will tell us which wavelengths would be more useful to identify the conditions of both coral and symbiotic algae. Also, we are expecting the modifications of device based on the field trial for the next version.